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Norway Pumps & Pipes supports the development of life-saving technology

30.06.2016

Worldwide, trauma is one of the most common causes of death, especially among young people. Half of the deaths are caused by uncontrollable internal bleeding (i.e. internal injuries that cannot be stopped by extrinsic compression). REBOA (Resuscitative- Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of Aorta) is a technique that stops the internal bleeding by inflating a balloon inside the aorta. This ensures blood supply to vital organs such as the heart and brain and saves lives.

Worldwide, trauma is one of the most common causes of death, especially among young people. Half of the deaths are caused by uncontrollable internal bleeding (i.e. internal injuries that cannot be stopped by extrinsic compression). Common practice is to give these patients blood and fluid in combination with an outer compression therapy, like a belt around the pelvis. Unfortunately, a large number of these patients die before they can receive the necessary surgical care in hospitals. These deaths could have been avoided if the bleeding could be stopped before the patient left the accident scene or in hospital emergency rooms. A new way to stop such bleedings is by using an aortic occlusion balloon. The technique is called REBOA (Resuscitative- Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of Aorta). Through a puncture of the artery in the groin (femoral artery) a catheter with a balloon at the tip can be entered in the aorta. When the balloon is inflated inside the aorta bleeding from injured arteries below the balloon will stop immediately. This ensures blood supply to vital organs such as the heart and brain and saves lives. Unfortunately, despite the obvious benefit of this treatment REBOA is not widely applied. The main reason for this is that the existing equipment for performing the procedure is not adapted for use outside of hospitals, and even also not in hospitals (the exception is specially equipped operating rooms that are not always readily available). Our innovation is a tailored REBOA box that will make it possible to perform REBOA easily and securely either at an accident site or at an emergency hospital. In order to measure the effect of REBOA and to control the treatment the catheter has to be equipped with sensors that register different vital parameters such as blood pressure and oxygen content. Thus, one of the activities in this project will be to identify micro sensor technologies that can be useful to the REBOA technique. IRIS has together with SINTEF ICT developed miniature measurement devices, µSondes, for oil and gas production applications. Experience and knowledge gained in the µSondes project will be applied in the current project.
 
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